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Wolfgang (26 September 1526 - 11 June 1569) was the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1532 until 1569.

LifeEdit

Wolfgang was born in Zweibrücken in 1526 as the only son of Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. His father died in 1532, so the regency of Palatinate-Zweibrücken passed to Louis' younger brother Rupert until 1543. In 1557 Wolfgang received the territory of Palatinate-Neuburg in accordance with the Contract of Heidelberg. In 1548 the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V invaded his Protestant territories as part of the Counter-Reformation, an invasion ceased in 1552. In 1555 the Peace of Augsburg was signed ending the religious conflict, and in 1557 several ecclesiastical states in Germany were secularised, a few of which Wolfgang obtained. In 1566 he served as a cavalry officer in the Turkish Wars.

In 1569 he joined with King Charles IX of Sweden on campaign to assist the Huguenots in France, but he was killed in camp early in the conflict. He was buried in Meisenheim.

MarriageEdit

Wolfgang married Eilzabeth of Hesse (4 March 1503 - 4 January 1563), daughter of Landgrave Philip I, on 8 March 1545 and had the following children:

  1. Christine (28 February 1546 - 22 March 1619)
  2. Philip Louis (2 October 1547 - 22 August 1614)
  3. John (18 May 1550 - 12 August 1604)
  4. Dorothea Agnes (16 November 1551 - 24 February 1552)
  5. Elizabeth (31 March 1553 - 21 April 1554)
  6. Anne (2 June 1554 - 13 November 1576)
  7. Elizabeth (14 May 1555 - 24 November 1625)
  8. Otto Henry (22 July 1556 - 29 August 1604)
  9. Frederick (11 April 1557 - 17 December 1597)
  10. Barbara (27 July 1559 - 5 March 1618)
  11. Charles (4 September 1560 - 16 December 1600)
  12. Maria Elizabeth (4 October 1561 - 28 February 1629)
  13. Susanna (13 November 1564 - 23 June 1565)



Preceded by:

Wolfgang

Succeeded by:

Otto Henry Duke of Neuburg
1547 - 1569
Philip Louis
Louis II Duke of Zweibrücken
1532 - 1569
John I
of Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Otto Henry
of Palatinate-Sulzbach
Frederick of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein
Charles
of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Count of Veldenz
1532 - 1543
Rupert
of Palatinate-Veldenz