Serbia (Srbija in Serbian) also known as the Republic of Serbia,, is one of the sovereign states in the crossroads between Central and Southwest Europe which covers the southern pieces of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. Serbia borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; with Croatia, Bosnia, and Montenegro to the west; there is also borders between them with Albania and disputed territory of Kosovo. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade which is one of the largest cities in Southeast Europe and Serbia holds around 7 million residents in the country.
When the Slavic migrations came to the Balkans during the 6th century and even still today, Serbs established several states during the early process of the Middle Ages where the Serbian Kingdom was recognized by Rome and Constantinople in 1217. This is when it reached its peak kin 1346 where the Serbian Empire was shortly lived. When it was the mid-16th century, all of the territory of what Serbia is today was annexed by the Ottoman Empire, this was also interrupted by Habsburgs. During the early 19th century, there was a Serbian Revolution that established a nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy where i subsequently expanded its territory. When disastrous casualties followed in World War I, there was subsequent unification of Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina with Serbia. The country also co-founded Yugoslavia with the other South Slavic countries/residences, this made it exist in various political formations until the Yugoslav Wars erupted in the 1990s which had bad effects for the entire region. This is when Serbia formed a union with Montenegro in 1992 then it broke apart in 2006 so Serbia was known as an independent country. The parliament of Kosovo in 2008 declared independence with their large Albanian ethnic majoring in the country which had loads of mixed responses from international countries.