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Rabanus Maurus (780 - 4 February 856) was the Abbot of Fulda from 822 until 842, and the Archbishop of Mainz from 847 until 856.

Rabanus was born in Mainz in 780 to a local family of mobility. In 788 he began his education in religion and science at the school of Fulda. After his schooling finished he became a scholar, and was promoted by Alcuin to the court of Charlemagne in Aachen. Rabanus became Alcuin's favorite pupil and was given the name "Maurus" by him. Rabanus followed Alcuin to the Abbey of St Martin in order to learn liturgy and law. He returned to Fulda in 801 where he was made a deacon and the headmaster of the monastery school. During his time as headmaster Rabanus wrote several important works, such as the De Is Laudibus Crucis in 814 and a guide to the training of clergy in 819.

In 15 June 822 Rabanus became the abbot of Fulda. He increased the size of the library and moved the monastery school. He founded thirty churches in the rural regions around the abbey. When he was pulled into the disputes of Louis the Pious and his sons, Rabanus retired in 842 to the Abbey of Peterburg to live a private life. In 847, King Louis the German removed Rabanus from retirement and appointed him the Archbishop of Mainz. Among his first acts was to call a synod of all suffragan bishops, choir bishops and the Abbot of St Alban over the stabilisation of the church and the establishment of discipline. The confusing lectures were replaced with more easily understandable ones.

Rabanus died in Winkel in the Rheingau in 856 and was buried in the Abbey of St Alban. In 1515 Albert III of Brandenburg moved his remains to Aschaffenburg.



Preceded by:

Odgar

Succeeded by:

Odgar Archbishop of Mainz
847 - 856
Charles of Aquitaine
Eigil Abbot of Fulda
822 - 842
Hatto I

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