Philip I of Heinsberg (German: Philipp I von Heinsberg) (c1130 - 1191) was the Archbishop of Cologne from 1167 until 1191.

Early lifeEdit

Philip I of Heinsberg was a son of Count Goswin II of Heinsberg. He was educated in Reims and in Cologne, in the latter of which he became a Provost.

Archbishop of CologneEdit

In 1167 he was ordered to be the director of Cologne, and he was officially crowned Archbishop of Cologne on 29 September 1168. Shortly after gaining office, Philip of Heinsberg immediately set out to increase the temporal power of the archdiocese. With the support of the Holy Roman Emperor he purchased the castles and lordships of his vassals, and sold them later as Imperial Estates, thereby gaining a considerable profit on the venture. Later the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa took opposition to the Archbishops' power, the latter of which took it as a threat to the power of the Archdiocese, responding as such. He lent support to region rivals of the Emperor including Henry the Blind, the Marquis of Namur and Count of Luxembourg with its needs in the Hennegau.

Frederick Barbarossa reacted by giving trade privileges to Aachen and Duisburg to weaken the economic position of the archdiocese. Despite the opposition of interests, Philip was a supporter of the Emperor, and accompanied him in his campaigns in Italy, and was on his side when he lost the critical Battle of Legnano in 1176. He also sided with the emperor and actively campaigned against the Saxon Duke Henry the Lion, being rewarded with the Duchy of Westphalia which made the Archbishopric the most powerful territory in northern Germany. Also in 1180 he also ordered the extended construction of the Cathedral of Cologne, which was the largest in Europe until 1881.

With the rising power of Philip of Heinsberg, Frederick Barbarossa faced a new danger in him. Frederick acted in Mainz in 1184 by announcing his intention of Baldwin V the Brave of the Hennegau to receive the Marck. Philip retaliated by entering into negotiations with Pope Urban III (whom was in heated conflict with Frederick), King Canute VI of Denmark, and Count Henry the Blind of Namur and Luxembourg. He also attempted to lead the German bishops in opposition to Frederick, an endeavor in which he failed. In 1187 he defeated an army Frederick sent against France, and the Emperor entered into hostilities against Philip. Philip was defeated, captured and sent to Mainz in 1188. He oversaw the negotiations of the Emperor and Henry the Lion in 1190 when new hostilities broke out. Philip of Heinsberg died in 1191 by an outbreak of plague or malaria, and he was buried in Cologne Cathedral.

Preceded by:

Philip I of Heinsberg

Succeeded by:

Raynald of Dassel Archbishop of Cologne
1167 - 1191
Bruno III of Berg