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Ancient Persia

  1. Old Elamite Kingdom (2700-1500 BCE)
  2. Middle Elamite Kingdom (1500-1210 BCE)
  3. Elamite Empire (1210-1100 BCE)
  4. Neo-Elamite Kingdom (1100-678 BCE)
Iranian
  1. Median Empire (678-550 BCE)
  2. Achaemenid Persian Empire (550-330 BCE)

Classical Persia

Hellenized
  1. Macedonian Empire (330-323 BCE)
  2. Seleucid Empire (323-247 BCE)
Parthian
  1. Parthian Empire (247 BCE-226 CE)
  2. Sassanid Empire (226-651)

Medieval Persia

Islamic State
  1. Rashidun Caliphate (651-661)
  2. Umayyad Caliphate (661-750)
  3. Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258)
Mongol State
  1. Ilkhanate (1258-1335)
Arab State
  1. Muzaffarid Dynasty (1335-1393)
  2. Timurid Empire (Turkic) (1393-1501)
  3. Safavid Empire (1501-1736)

Modern Persia (Iran)

  1. Afsharid Dynasty (1736-1796)
  2. Qajar Dynasty (1796-1925)
  3. Pahlavi Dynasty (1925-1979)
  4. Islamic Republic of Iran (1979-Present)

Persia is the region and culture of modern-day Iran.