September 27, 1821
122.3 million (2013)
1,972,550 km2 (14th) 761,606 sq mi
Mexico or officially known as, the United Mexican States is a federal republic situated in North America and is bordered on the north by the United States of America; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the easy by the Gulf of Mexico. It covers almost two million square kilometres which is over 760,000 square miles. Mexico is the fifth largest country located in the Americas by total area and is the 13th largest independent nation in the world and has an estimated population of over 120 million people which makes it the eleventh most populous and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is also a federation comprising thirty-one states with a Federal District, its capital and largest city.