Limestone head of a king. Thought by Petrie to be Narmer. Bought by Petrie in Cairo, Egypt. 1st Dynasty. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London
Preceded by

possibly Ka

Succeeded by


Biographic information

1st Dynasty

Military information

Menes is a likely pharaoh who may have united Egypt, and thus become the first pharaoh. The identity of Menes is the subject of ongoing debate, although mainstream Egyptological consensus identifies Menes with the ruler Narmer or First Dynasty pharaoh Hor-Aha. Both pharaohs are credited with the unification of Egypt to different degrees by various authorities.