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Mediatised Houses

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The Mediatised Houses are the noble families of Germany which lost their immediacy during the Mediatisation which began in 1806. "Mediatisation" is the process of an immediate state annexing the territory of another immediate state, though leaving the annexed with several rights and privileges. The mediatisation began in Germany when Napoleon Bonaparte of France defeated the Holy Roman Empire in wars past, leading to the dissolution of the Empire in 1806. Napoleon replaced it with the Confederation of the Rhine with the incentive that any state which joined could annex the territory of states which did not.

Those states which were mediatised are recognised, with exceptions (see below), as the mediatised houses. When Napoleon Bonaparte was finally defeated in 1814, the Congress of Vienna did not recreate the Empire or the mediatised states, but instead granted them several rights. In 1825 the Mediatised Princes (with the dignity "Durchlaucht" meaning "Most Serene Highness") were finalised by the German diet. In 1829 the Mediatised Counts (with the dignity "Erlaucht" meaning "Most Illustrious Highness") were also finalised. Almost all the mediatised houses were Counts, New Princes, or houses which resided outside of Germany. Some states were also raised to Princely rank after mediatisation, and are therefore listed as "Durchlaucht".

List of Mediatised HousesEdit

Name

Date

Status in HRE

Status

Where Recognised

Aremberg (Arenberg)1810Old PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Hannover, Prussia
Auersperg1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria
Bentheim1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Hannover, Prussia
Bentinck1810New CountErlauchtOldenburg (special ruling by the Diet 1825)
Boyneburg-Bömelberg1806New CountErlaucht(recognised in 1845)
Castell1806Old CountErlauchtBavaria
Colloredo-Mansfeld1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria, Württemberg
Croÿ-Dülmen1806 DurchlauchtAustria, Prussia
Dietrichstein1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Württemberg
Erbach1806Old CountErlauchtAustria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg
Esterházy von Galántha1806New CountDurchlauchtHungary
Fugger1806Old CountBothAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Fürstenberg1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Baden, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Württemberg
Giech1806New CountErlauchtBavaria
Harrach1806New CountErlauchtAustria
Hohenlohe1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Isenburg1806 - 14Old CountBothAustria, Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg
Kaunitz-Rietberg1807New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Prussia
Khevenhüller-Metsch1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria
Königsegg-Aulendorf1806New CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Küfstein-Greillenstein1806New CountErlauchtAustria
Leiningen1806Old CountBothAustria, Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt
Leyen1814New CountDurchlauchtAustria, Baden
Ligne1806New CountDurchlauchtSold to Esterházy in 1804 though kept Reichstag seat
Lobcowicz1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria
Löwenstein-Wertheim1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Baden, Bavaria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Württemberg
Looz-Corswarem1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Hannover, Prussia
Metternich-Winneberg1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria
Neipperg1806New CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Orsini and Rosenberg1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria
Ortenburg-Neuortenburg1806Old CountErlauchtBavaria
Öttingen1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Pappenheim1806Old CountErlauchtBavaria
Platen-Hallermund1805Old CountErlauchtHannover
Plettenberg1806Old CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Pückler and Limpurg1806New CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Quadt-Isny1806New CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Rechberg and Rothenlöwen1806noneErlauchtWürttemberg
Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld1806New CountErlauchtBavaria
Salm1806 - 10Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Baden, Prussia
Sayn-Wittgenstein1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Prussia, Württemberg
Schäsberg1806New CountErlauchtBavaria
Schlitz genannt von Görtz1806New CountErlauchtHesse-Darmstadt
Schönborn1806New CountErlauchtAustria, Bavaria
Schönburg1806Old CountBothAustria, Saxony
Schwarzenberg1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Solms1806Old CountBothAustria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia, Württemberg
Stadion1806New CountErlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Starhemberg1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria
Sternberg and Manderscheid1806New CountErlauchtAustria, Württemberg
Stolberg1806 - 7Old CountErlauchtHannover, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia
Thurn and Taxis1806New PrinceDurchlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Württemberg
Törring-Gutenzell1806New CountErlauchtWürttemberg
Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria
Waldbott von Bassenheim1806New CountErlauchtBavaria, Nassau, Württemberg
Waldburg1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Bavaria, Württemberg
Waldeck-Pyrmont (through Limpurg)1806New PrinceErlauchtWürttemberg
Wallmoden-Gimborn1806New CountErlauchtMecklenburg-Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Wied1806Old CountDurchlauchtAustria, Nassau, Prussia
Windisch-Grätz1806New CountDurchlauchtAustria, Württemberg
Wurmbrand-Stuppach1806New CountErlauchtAustria


Houses Which Might Have Been Mediatised HousesEdit

Several houses which were mediatised became extinct before 1825/9, and thus did not gain recognition from the German diet as mediatised houses. Others had sold their rights to another house (although Ligne kept the seat on the Reichstag when they sold to Esterházy von Galántha although the intention was that would pass, therefore Ligne is sometimes listed amongst the mediatised houses), and others failed to inherit Imperial estates when a collateral line became extinct.

It should also be noted that not all states were actually mediatised. Solms-Baruth, Solms-Baruth upon Klitschdorf and Wehrau, Solms-Kotiz, Solms-Kurzwitz, Solms-Rösa, Solms-Sachsenfeld, and Solms-Sonnenwalde were never mediatised, although they possessed such little territory and few privileges that it never mattered too much.

Name

Date

Status in HRE

Status

Notes

Abensberg-Traun1804New CountErlauchtSold to Windisch-Grätz in 1804
Anhalt-Bernburg-Hoym1806New CountErlaucht
Aspremont-Lynden1805New CountErlaucht
Bretzenheim1804New CountDurchlauchtSold to Austria in 1804
Grävenitz1806New CountErlauchtextinct
Limburg-Styrum1800New CountErlauchtFailed to inherit Gemen after extinction of a line in 1800
Nesselrode1806New CountErlauchtextinct 1824
Nostiz-Rieneck1806Old CountErlauchtSold to Colloredo-Mansfeld in 1803
Ostein1806New CountErlauchtextinct 1809
Sickingen1806Old CountErlauchtextinct 1834
Sinzendorf1806New CountDurchlauchtextinct 1825
Wartemberg1806New CountErlauchtextinct 1818

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