The Mediatised Houses are the noble families of Germany which lost their immediacy during the Mediatisation which began in 1806. "Mediatisation" is the process of an immediate state annexing the territory of another immediate state, though leaving the annexed with several rights and privileges. The mediatisation began in Germany when Napoleon Bonaparte of France defeated the Holy Roman Empire in wars past, leading to the dissolution of the Empire in 1806. Napoleon replaced it with the Confederation of the Rhine with the incentive that any state which joined could annex the territory of states which did not.
Those states which were mediatised are recognised, with exceptions (see below), as the mediatised houses. When Napoleon Bonaparte was finally defeated in 1814, the Congress of Vienna did not recreate the Empire or the mediatised states, but instead granted them several rights. In 1825 the Mediatised Princes (with the dignity "Durchlaucht" meaning "Most Serene Highness") were finalised by the German diet. In 1829 the Mediatised Counts (with the dignity "Erlaucht" meaning "Most Illustrious Highness") were also finalised. Almost all the mediatised houses were Counts, New Princes, or houses which resided outside of Germany. Some states were also raised to Princely rank after mediatisation, and are therefore listed as "Durchlaucht".
List of Mediatised HousesEdit
Houses Which Might Have Been Mediatised HousesEdit
Several houses which were mediatised became extinct before 1825/9, and thus did not gain recognition from the German diet as mediatised houses. Others had sold their rights to another house (although Ligne kept the seat on the Reichstag when they sold to Esterházy von Galántha although the intention was that would pass, therefore Ligne is sometimes listed amongst the mediatised houses), and others failed to inherit Imperial estates when a collateral line became extinct.
It should also be noted that not all states were actually mediatised. Solms-Baruth, Solms-Baruth upon Klitschdorf and Wehrau, Solms-Kotiz, Solms-Kurzwitz, Solms-Rösa, Solms-Sachsenfeld, and Solms-Sonnenwalde were never mediatised, although they possessed such little territory and few privileges that it never mattered too much.
Status in HRE
|Abensberg-Traun||1804||New Count||Erlaucht||Sold to Windisch-Grätz in 1804|
|Bretzenheim||1804||New Count||Durchlaucht||Sold to Austria in 1804|
|Limburg-Styrum||1800||New Count||Erlaucht||Failed to inherit Gemen after extinction of a line in 1800|
|Nesselrode||1806||New Count||Erlaucht||extinct 1824|
|Nostiz-Rieneck||1806||Old Count||Erlaucht||Sold to Colloredo-Mansfeld in 1803|
|Ostein||1806||New Count||Erlaucht||extinct 1809|
|Sickingen||1806||Old Count||Erlaucht||extinct 1834|
|Sinzendorf||1806||New Count||Durchlaucht||extinct 1825|
|Wartemberg||1806||New Count||Erlaucht||extinct 1818|