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Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle

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The Franconian Circle (German: Niederrheinisch-Westfälischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. It was created in 1500.

Name

Type

Arms-Aachen AachenFree City
Arms-Anholt AnholtLordship
Arms-Beilstein BeilsteinLordship
Arms-Bentheim BentheimCounty
Arms-Berg BergDuchy
Arms-Blankenheim Blankenheim and GerolsteinCounty
Arms-Cambrai-Diocese CambraiBishopric
Arms-Cleves ClevesDuchy
Arms-Cologne CologneFree City
Arms-Cornelimünster-Abbey CornelimünsterAbbey
Arms-Corvey-Abbey CorveyAbbey
DelmenhorstCounty
Arms-Diepholz DiepholzCounty
Arms-Dortmund-pre1946 DortmundFree City
Arms-EastFrisia East FrisiaPrincipality
Arms-Essen-Abbey EssenAbbey
FagnollesCounty1786 - 1794
Arms-Gemen GemenLordship1704 - 1806
GimbornLordship1682 - 1806
GronsfeldCounty
HallermundCounty1708 - 1806; Personalist
Arms-Herford-Abbey HerfoldAbbey
Arms-Holzappel HolzappelCounty1647 - 1806
Arms-Hoya HoyaCounty
Arms-Jülich JülichDuchy
Arms-Kerpen Kerpen-LommersumCounty1712 -
Arms-Liège-Diocese-18thC LiègeBishopric
LingenCounty
Arms-Lippe LippeCounty
MalmédyAbbey
Arms-Marck MarckCounty
Arms-Minden-Diocese MindenPrincipality
Arms-Moers MoersCounty1500 - 1648; 1707 - 1794
Arms-Münster-Diocese MünsterBishopric
Arms-Myllendonk MyllendonkLordship1701 - 1794
Arms-Nassau-Dillenburg1557 Nassau-DietzPrincipality
Arms-Nassau-Dillenburg1481 Nassau-DillenburgPrincipality
Arms-Nassau-Dillenburg1557 Nassau-HademarPrincipality
Arms-Oldenburg OldenburgDuchy
Arms-Osnabrück-Diocese OsnabrückBishopric
Arms-Paderborn-Diocese PaderbornBishopric
PyrmontCounty
Arms-Ravensberg RavensbergCounty
ReckheimCounty
Arms-Reichenstein ReichensteinLordship1705 -
Arms-Rietberg RietbergCounty
Arms-Sayn SaynCounty
Arms-Schaumburg SchaumburgCounty
Arms-Schaumburg Schaumburg-HesseCounty
Arms-Schaumburg-Lippe1 Schaumburg-LippeCounty
Arms-Manderscheid SchleidenCounty1713 -
SpiegelbergCounty
StabloAbbey
SteinfurtCounty
TecklenburgCounty
ThornAbbey
Arms-Verden VerdenBishopric
Arms-Virneburg VirneburgCounty
WerdenAbbey
Arms-Quadt-Wickrath WickrathLordship1682 -
Arms-Wied WiedCounty
Arms-Winneburg WinneburgLordship
WittemLordship


Former Estates of the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian CircleEdit

Name

Type

Arms-Brakel BrakelFree City
Arms-Bronchhorst BronchhorstLordship
Arms-Cambrai CambraiFree City
Arms-Duisburg DuisburgFree City
Arms-Duren DürenFree City
EchternachAbbey
Arms-Herford HerfordFree City
Arms-Lemgo LemgoFree City
Arms-Manderscheid ManderscheidCounty
Arms-Marck-Arenberg Marck-ArenbergCounty
Arms-Minden-Diocese MindenCounty
Arms-Salm-Reifferscheid Salm-ReifferscheidCountyJoined the Upper Rhenish Circle
Arms-Soest SoestFree City
Arms SomeruffLordship
Arms-Utrecht-Diocese1 UtrechtBishopric
Arms-Verden-pre20thC VerdenFree City
Arms-Warburg WarburgFree City
Arms-Wesel WeselFree City


Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle
Aachen | Anholt | Beilstein | Bentheim | Berg | Blankenheim and Gerolstein | Cambrai | Cleves | Cologne
Cornelismünster | Corvey | Delmenhorst | Diepholz | Dortmund | East Frisia | Essen | Fagnolle | Gemen | Gimborn
Gronsfeld | Hallermund | Herford | Holzapfel | Hoya | Jülich | Kerpen-Lommersum | Liège | Lingen | Lippe
Malmédy | Marck | Minden | Moers | Münster | Myllendonk | Nassau-Dietz | Nassau-Dillenburg | Nassau-Hademar
Oldenburg | Osnabrück | Paderborn | Pyrmont | Ravensberg | Reckheim | Reichenstein | Rietberg | Sayn
Schaumburg | Schaumburg-Hesse | Schaumburg-Lippe | Schleiden | Spiegelberg | Stavelot | Steinfurt
Tecklenburg | Thorn | Verden | Virneburg | Werden | Wickrath | Wied | Winneburg | Wittem

Earlier Members
Brakel | Bronchhorst | Cambrai | Duisburg | Düren | Echternach | Herford | Lemgo | Luxembourg | Manderscheid
Marck-Arenberg | Salm-Reifferscheid | Soest | Someruff | Utrecht | Verden | Warburg | Wesel


Imperial Circles
Austrian | Bavarian | Burgundian | Electoral Rhenish | Franconian | Lower Rhenish-Westphalian
Lower Saxon | Swabian | Upper Rhenish | Upper Saxon

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