|Lordship of Broich|
|fl. 1093 - 1806|
The Lordship of Broich was an estate of the Holy Roman Empire, located around the castle of Broich near Mülheim an der Ruhr in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The castle was built in 883 to defend against Viking attacks, but after the threat quickly passed, the castle was largely unused and forgotten. It was only until the end of the 11th Century the castle was used, and the first mention of the Lords of Broich occurred in 1093.
History of the Lordship of BroichEdit
The Lords of Broich eventually removed themselves from the overlordship of the dukes of Berg. In 1372 the line of Lords of Broich became extinct, and the lordship passed to the House of Limburg-Styrum. The Dukes of Berg regained overlordship in 1413 after taking advantage of the decline of the House of Limburg. The Dukes of Cleves conquered the territory in 1432. A new line of Counts of Limburg was created in 1439 called Limburg-Broich, and they ruled over the Lordship. The combined forces of Berg and the Archbishopric of Cologne succeeded in wresting control of the estate in 1443, in the process effectively destroying the castle. In 1449 the Counts of Limburg-Broich had became embroiled in a succession conflict with Neuenahr-Alpen over the County of Limburg.
The Line of Limburg-Broich became extinct in 1508 and their territories passed to Dhaun-Falkenstein. The Spanish conquered the castle in 1598 and executed Count Wirich VI of Dhaun-Falkenstein, who was one of the most significant Reformed leaders in the Lower Rhine. The castle was so damaged it took decades to repair. The last count of Dhaun-Falkenstein died in 1682 and the Lordship passed to the counts of Leiningen. The new owners placed little interest in their Rhenish territories, and the neglected lordship was left to be administered by a Rentmaster. It was not until Marie Louise Albertine after her marriage into the house of Hesse-Darmstadt that attention was again paid to Broich. The castle was largely rebuilt from 1787 - 1791, and it became the centre of Mülheim where banquets were undertaken and dignitaries were accommodated. After the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, the Lordship of Broich was abolished in 1806 and was attached to the new administrative district of Broich-Styrum.