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Isenburg-Birstein
Arms-Isenburg-Birstein
1628 - 1806

Capital

Circle
Bench
Birstein
Offenbach after 1711
Upper Rhenish
Counts of the Wetterau
Partitioned from I.-Büdingen-Birstein 1628
Inherited Offenburg 1711
Extinct; to Isenburg-Wied 1379

Isenburg-Birstein was the name of a state of the Holy Roman Empire, based around Birstein in modern Hesse, Germany. Isenburg-Birstein was the only line of the House of Isenburg to remain Catholic; the others adopting Protestantism.

Isenburg-Birstein was created out of a partition of Isenburg-Büdingen-Birstein after the death of Count Wolfgand Enrest I in 1628. In 1711 Isenburg-Birstein received the territories of the County of Isenburg-Offenbach. In 1744 Isenburg-Birstein was raised to a principality by the Emperor, although the princes were still only represented in the Bench of the Counts of the Wetterau. Offenbach was made the capital of the principality.

The most famous member of Isenburg-Birstein was Prince Charles I (reigned 1803 - 1820). He distinguishing himself in the service of the Emperor during the Turkish Wars, and after the French Revolution and Napoleon I Bonaparte threatened the existence of his principality he entered into separate negotiations by which he founded the federative Sovereign Principality of Isenburg in 1806 and joined the Confederation of the Rhine, mediatising the other lines of the House of Isenburg. In 1814 after the Napoleonic Wars the Austrians occupied the principality. Despite the efforts of the Charles's wife, the principality was nevertheless mediatised to Hesse-Darmstadt by the Congress of Vienna.


Name

Reign

Notes
William Otto1628 - 1635
Christian Maurice1635 - 1664with...
Wolfgang Ernest II1635 - 1641and...
John Louis1641 - 1685Count of Isenburg-Offenbach
William Maurice1685 - 1711
Wolfgang Ernest I (III)1711 - 1754Prince from 1744
Wolfgang Ernest II (IV)1754 - 1803
Charles I Frederick Louis Maurice1803 - 1806Prince of Isenburg from 1806


Upper Rhenish Circle
Ecclesiastical Princes
Basel | Fulda | Heitersheim | Odenheim | Prüm | Speyer | Strasbourg | Weissenburg | Worms

Temporal Princes
Hersfeld | Hesse-Cassel | Hesse-Darmstadt | Isenburg-Birstein | Lautern | Nassau-Idstein | Nassau-Ottweiler | Nassau-Saarbrücken
Nassau-Usingen | Nassau-Weilburg | Nomeny | Salm | Simmern | Savoy | Solms-Braunfels | Sponheim | Veldenz

Counts and Lords
Bretzenheim | Dagstuhl | Falkenstein| Hanau-Lichtenberg | Hanau-Münzenberg | Isenburg-Büdingen | Isenburg-Meerholz
Isenburg-Wächtersbach | Königstein | Kriechingen | Leiningen-Dagsburg | Leiningen-Hartenburg | Leiningen-Westerburg | Münzfelden
Ollbrück | Reipoltskirchen | Salm-Dhaun | Salm-Grehweiler | Salm-Grumbach | Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg | Sayn-Wittgenstein-Wittgenstein
Solms-Hohensolms-Lich | Solms-Laubach | Solms-Rödelheim | Wartenberg

Imperial Cities
Frankfurt | Friedberg | Speyer | Wetzlar | Worms

Eariler Members
Bar | Basel | Colmar | Blankenberg | Gelnhausen | Geneva | Hagenau | Hochkönigsburg | Kaufungen | Kaysersberg | Lausanne | Lorraine
Metz (bishopric) | Metz (city) | Mörsberg and Belfort | Mülhausen | Munster (abbey) | Munster (city) | Oberrehnheim | Orange | Pless
Reichenstein | Rosheim | Sarrebourg | Schlettstadt | St John | Sion | Strasbourg | Toul (bishopric) | Toul (city) | Türkheim | Verdun (bishopric)
Verdun (city) | Westerberg | Wittgenstein | Zweibrücken

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