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Charles II of Inner Austria (1540 - 1590) was the Duke of Carinthia and Styria, and Margrave of Carniola from 1564 until 1590.

Charles was born in Vienna on 3 June 1540 to the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Anne of Bohemia. In 1551 he married Maria Anna of Bavaria. After his father died in 1564, Charles was granted the estates of Inner Austria, which comprised of Carinthia, Styria and Carniola. Unlike his elder brother, the Emperor Maximilian II, Charles was a devout Catholic and spent much effort in promoting the Counter-Reformation. But in 1572 he was forced to grant concession to Protestants in the Religious Pacifications of Graz, and again in 1576 in the Libellum of Bruck. These concessions resulted in official tolerance to Protestants.

Inner Austria bore the brunt of Turkish raids and invasions, which led to the foundation of Karlstadt (modern Karlovac) in Croatia. Charles was a benefactor to the arts and sciences, and he founded the University of Graz in 1585. He began construction of his mausoleum in Seckau in 1587, and it eventually housed many members of the House of Habsburg. Charles died in Graz on 10 July 1590.

Children with Maria Anna of BavariaEdit

  1. Anne (1573 - 1597/8)
  2. Maria Christina (1574 - 1621)
  3. Catherine (1575 - 1595)
  4. Elizabeth (1576 - 1586)
  5. Ferdinand (1578 - 1637)
  6. Charles (1579 - 1580)
  7. Georgina Maximiliana (1580 - 1597)
  8. Eleanor (1682 - 1619)
  9. Margraret (1584 - 1611)
  10. Leopold (1588 - 1632)
  11. Constance (1588 - 1631)
  12. Maria Magdalena (1589 - 1631)
  13. Charles (1590 - 1624)



Preceded by:

Ferdinand I

Succeeded by:

Ferdinand I Duke of Carinthia
1564 - 1590
Ferdinand II
Ferdinand I Duke of Styria
1564 - 1590
Ferdinand II
Ferdinand I Margrave of Carniola
1564 - 1590
Ferdinand II

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