|Bishopric of Lausanne|
Évêché de Lausanne
|unknown - (1536) 1610|
Council of Princes
|Count of Vaud||1011|
|Prince of the Empire||1270|
|Annexed to Berne||1536|
|Transferred to Fribourg||1610|
The Bishopric of LausanneEdit
The continuity of the bishopric of Lausanne can be traced to the earlier Bishopric of Windisch which existed during the 6th Century. It is not clearly understood what occured after the second and last known bishop, Grammatius who was last mentioned in 549. It is generally believed, however, that sometime between 549 and 585 the diocese of Windisch was split into separate bishoprics at Constance and Avenches. St Marius, bishop of Avenches, attended the Synod of Mâcon in 585, and according to records was consecrated the first bishop of Avenches in 574. St Marius died in December of 594. It is when before 610 the diocese at Avenches was transferred to Lausanne.
Lausanne was originally suffragan to the Archbishopric of Lyons, but during the 7th Century was placed under the Archbishopric of Besançon. Almost nothing is known of the bishops which succeeded St Marius, and between 594 and 800 only three bishops are known by name: (Arricus who attended the Council of Chalon-sur-Saône, Protasius who was elected in circa 651, and Chilmegisilus who was elected in 670. Bishop Henry I of Schwänis (985 - 1019) rebuilt the Cathedral of Lausanne in 1000. In 1011 he obtained the County of Vaud. Hugh of Burgundy (1019 - 1036) proclaimed the Truce of God in 1036 in an attempt to decrease the number of conflicts and wars. Burkhard III of Öttingen (1057 - 1089) was one of the most loyal supporters of the Emperor Henry IV. For this he was banished from Lausanne and took part at Henry's display of penance in Canossa in 1077.
In 1270 the bishops obtained the title "Prince of the Empire". The advocacy of the bishopric was assigned in succession to the Counts of Geneva, the Lords of Gerenstein, the Dukes of Zähringen, the Counts of Kyburg and, finally, the Counts, later Dukes, of Savoy. These guardians extended their own power to the detriment of the diocese, and filled the see with their relatives. Quarrels resulted and the city of Lausanne, with the assistance of Berne and Fribourg, used the opportunity to make itself free of much of the rule of the bishops. [[Bishop Giuliano della Rovere (1472 - 1476) became Pope Julius II in 1503.
Bishop Sebastian of Montfaucon (1517 - 1560) sided with the Dukes of Savoy against the Canton of Berne in 1536, the Bernese defeated him and occupied the secular territories of the dicoese. The Cathedral chapter was suppressed and Catholicism was weeded out. After several exile bishops, the diocese was reestablished at Fribourg in 1610.