Ancient Rome was a civilization originating from Rome, Italy, which, during the course of its history, conquered and dominated Western Europe and the whole of the Mediterranean.


The Roman KingdomEdit

(see main article, The Roman Kingdom)

Rome grew from settlements around the River Tiber and was probably founded around 900 BC by members of the Latins and the Sabines. The Etruscans were later integrated into the city and set up a monarchy, which was later overthrown and the Roman Republic was created.

According to Roman Legend, Rome was founded in 753 BCE on the 21st April by two twins descended from the Trojan hero Aeneas, Romulus and Remus (Romulus's name supposedly inspiring the name Rome). When arguing over who would rule, Romulus killed his brother and became the first of seven kings of Rome over the Latins. Legend also says the Latins invited the Sabines to a feast and stole their women, which eventually led to the Sabines living in Rome as well. The last king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus was overthrown in 510 BCE, leading to the Roman Republic.

The Roman RepublicEdit

The Roman EmpireEdit

Division: Western Roman Empire & Eastern Roman EmpireEdit

See alsoEdit

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History of Ancient Rome

Roman Kingdom | Roman Republic | Roman Empire

Western Roman Empire | Byzantine (Eastern) Empire
(Western and Eastern Empires ran simultaneously)

Frankish Empire & Holy Roman Empire
(not considered legitimate successors)

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