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Alexander the Great mosaic
Alexander the Great
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Full name

Alexander III of Macedon

Reign

336–323 BC

Preceded by

Philip II

Succeeded by

Alexander IV
Philip III

Biographic information
Born

20 or 21 July 356 BCE
Pella, Macedon, Ancient Greece

Died

10 or 11 June 323 BCE (aged 32)
Babylon

Parent(s)

Philip II of Macedon (father)
Olympias of Epirus (mother)

Spouse(s)

Roxana of Bactria
Stateira II of Persia
Parysatis II of Persia

Children

Alexander IV

Dynasty

Argead

Religion

Greek polytheism

Military information

Alexander the Great was born in 356 BC to Philip II king of the northern Greek kingdom of Macedonia and Olympias the daughter of the king of Epiros. Alexander's tutor was the great philosopher Aristotle.

At age 16, (340 BC) King Philip waged war on Byzantium and left Alexander as regent. During this time, the Thracian Maedi tribe revolted against Macedonian rule. Alexander quickly responded by driving them from their territory and recolonizing it with Greeks. He founded a city, Alexandropolis. When Philip returned he dispatched Alexander to deal with revolts in southern Thrace which Alexander did successfully.

Meanwhile, the citizens of Amphilla began working the lands sacred to the Oracle at Delphi. This was considered sacrilege and gave Philip the opportunity to intervene in Greek affairs. Philip occupied himself with Thrace while Alexander mustered an army which was supposedly for an attack against the Illyrians while in reality it was meant for southern Greece. During this time, the Illyrians invaded Macedonia only to be repelled by Alexander.

In 338BC, King Philip and his son Alexander made war on Greece. They defeated the Greek coalition at the battle of Chaeronia and established a Hellenic Alliance at Corinth with Macedonia at its head.

Then in 337BC, Philip married a second woman: Cleopatra Eurydice. This made Alexander's mother, Olympias crimson with rage and jealousy. In 336BC, while atttending a wedding in Aegae, Philip was murdered by his bodyguard Pausanias (With the instigation of Olympias). Alexander then succeeded him as king of Macedonia.

Alexander the great

Following Philip's death, Thebes revolted against Alexander. He crushed the revolt and returned home. Meanwhile, Olympias had Cleopatra Eurydice and her daughter (Cleopatra's) Europa burnt to death.

Following the consolidation of his power, Alexander began a Balkan campaign which ended the following year.